In this post, we'll guide you in choosing the best ultralight tent for your needs. Because it's one of the largest and heaviest gear items in your pack, a tent has to be lightweight, easy to set up and access, and offer enough room for you to sit up and hang out comfortably in. You'll also want to consider its ability to sustain harsh weather depending on the time and place of your hike.
Finally, you'll get to hear about the top ultralight tents available today (in our humble opinion!). Let's dive in.
Table of Content
1. ULTRA LIGHTWEIGHT: Keep it as light as comfortably possible.
Keeping your backpacking tent lightweight is extremely important. It is one of the biggest items in your pack and therefore, one of the biggest opportunities to save weight.
A light load will minimize the impact on your knees and your back. You also want to enjoy your hike without the heavy moaning and groaning.
The term "ultralight" is somewhat novel to first-time backpackers and might seem like the extreme end of the spectrum. Ultralight is becoming the new standard for ALL backpackers though.
You don't have to sacrifice comfort, space, and durability for a compact and lightweight tent anymore. The small technical brands have grown into industry leaders and the former industry leaders have desperately adapted to shave their gear weight.
As a rule of thumb...
- A 1-person ultralight tent should be around 2 pounds.
- A 2-person ultralight tent should be below 3 pounds.
Non-freestanding tent (Gossamer Gear the Two)
2. CLEAN DESIGN: Make sure it has a simple setup and design.
This can be broken down into two things:
Minimal guylines and stakes. Backpacking tents with more complex designs are great for maximizing space, especially in those one-off corners and the ceiling. However, a complex design means more poles and guylines, more things to manage and more things with the potential to break. Non-freestanding tents (more on those below) are notorious for requiring a lot of guylines to setup. We vote for simplicity.
Stable layout. Simple designs are not only faster and easier to set up but are generally more durable. The more awkward and less aerodynamic your backpacking tent is, the less likely it is to handle a heavy storm or fast winds. Some designs are notorious for sagging as well.
3. EASY ENTRY AND EXIT: Make sure it is easy to get in and out of.
Again here, two things to consider:
Frame. Some tents are shaped like a tee-pee pyramid, others more like half-spherical igloos, and some like rectangular prisms. Mostly a matter of personal preference.
Pole location. Some tent designs have the pole sticking straight up in the middle of the tent. We specifically chose NOT to include any shelters like that on this list. Just keep in mind where the support frame for your tent is located.
Doors. Door count and location is important when choosing a tent, especially when you plan to share the tent with someone else. You can manage with a single door if it's just you and your dog in a tent, but you’ll want two doors if there is more than one person. These doors should be side-opening so you can step right into your space in the tent. Doors at the end of the tent are OK for some, but most people don’t like having to crawl and shimmy into their spot. Single-door tents also require the inside person to climb over their tent-mate when they need to leave the tent on a midnight bathroom run.
The 1-person Six Moon Designs Lunar Solo tent
4. ADEQUATE HEADSPACE: Consider how much headspace you need.
You are going to be outside hiking around most of the time so don't stress too much about getting a luxurious tent palace. However, you don't want the dreaded coffin bivy-like tent. Waiting all day for a storm to pass in a tiny cocoon can be miserable. You want a tent large enough to comfortably lay down in with a few inches above your head and below your feet.
Look for tents with a spreader bar in the ceiling. These bars expand the headroom area so you can sit up and move around without touching the top of the tent. They add minimal weight, but maximize the space.
Ideally, you want a tent that you can sit up in, but to save weight, you can manage in a smaller tent with a ceiling height that’s a couple of feet above your face. These bivy-style tents, like the Eureka Solitaire, let you read or (semi) sit up inside them.
As a rule of thumb...
- Length: A 6-foot man (72 inches) needs at least 78 inches.
- Height: Nothing below 30 inches. Ideally above 36 inches.
Best Ultralight Tents
|Model||Capacity||Freestanding||Packed Weight||Floor (sq ft)||Price|
|BIG AGNES FlyCreek HV UL||1 or 2||Y||2 lb 1 oz||20||$330|
|BIG AGNES Tiger Wall UL||1 or 2||Y||2 lb 3 oz||19||$350|
|HYPERLITE MOUNTAIN GEAR Echo II||2||N||1 lb 14 oz||24||$695|
|NEMO Hornet Elite||1 or 2||Y||1 lb 13 oz||21.8||$450|
|TARPTENT ProTrail and MoTrail||1 or 2||N||1 lb 10 oz||21||$199|
|GOSSAMER GEAR The One and The Two||1 or 2||N||1 lb 5 oz||18.3||$299|
|MSR Hubba Hubba NX||1 or 2||Y||2 lbs 14 oz||18||$380|
|ZPACKS Plexamid and Duplex||1 or 2||N||15.5 oz||21||$555|
|SIX MOON DESIGNS Lunar||1 or 2||N||1 lb 10 oz||31||$200|
|MARMOT Tungsten Ultralight||1 or 2||Y||2 lb 9 oz||19.1||$239|
|SLINGFIN Portal 2||2||Y||2 lb 7 oz||27.5||$485|
|REI CO-OP Quarter Dome SL||1 or 2||Y||2 lb 6 oz||18.9||$299|
|MLD Solomid and Duomid||1 or 2||N||1 lb 2 oz||35||$255|
|Sea to Summit Alto TR1 and TR2||1 or 2||Y||2 lbs. 1 oz||19.5||$399|
|Sierra Designs High Route 1 FL||1||N||1 lb 15 oz||16.6||$225|
Weight: 2 lb 1 oz
86 in (l) x 38 in max (w) x 38 in max (h)
20 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
When it comes to ultralight freestanding tents, Big Agnes is the gold standard. Their tents are beautifully designed, durable and light enough to compete with non-freestanding tents.
In 2020, Big Agnes redesigned the FlyCreek HV UL (HV stands for "High Volume") which now comes in a solution-dyed fabric with an extra 2 inches of headroom compared with last year's model. The new fabric protects the tent from UV fade and is more sustainable to manufacture.
This lightweight tent really shines in design. The three sections of poles are all connected and collapse into a single 10 inch-long bundle. The double-wall design is superior—the ripstop nylon rainfly keeps you dry in the heaviest of rains, while the mesh tent is airy enough to ventilate all potential condensation. There are only a handful of guylines to stake down which makes setup a breeze. Each guyline also comes with reflectors to prevent from tripping over at night. The front vestibule is one of the most spacious on this list—plenty big enough to store your pack(s) under.
To get real nit-picky... We would like to see a more secure internal overhead pocket. You don't want headlamps fall on your face at night because of this. Note the HV is not 100% freestanding either—the footbed needs to be staked out.
Weight: 2 lb 3 oz
84 in (l) x 38 in max (w) x 38 in max (h)
19 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
Although slightly heavier than its older cousin, the Tiger Wall has some undeniable advantages over the Fly Creek, namely its side doors and vestibules. The side-entry doors make getting in and out of the tent a breeze. And if you're going to be sharing the tent with another person, you'll enjoy the two-door configuration of the Tiger Wall UL2. We also found that the side doors resulted in better ventilation and minimized condensation.
Although the interior space is a bit tight, we appreciate the extra inch of headroom the Tiger Wall provides over the Fly Creek. Moreover, the space that's lost on the inside is gained on the outside, as the Tiger Wall's vestibule is a whole 3 square foot larger. Note the UL2 comes with two side vestibules.
Also check out the Copper Spur HV UL tents. They are slightly heavier but offer more space and come with side doors as well.
Weight: 1 lb 13.9 oz
84 in (l) x 52 in max (w) x 41 in (h)
24 sq ft floor
$695.00 for 2-person
Why It's Awesome:
Hyperlite Mountain Gear (HMG) has grown into an ultralight industry leader. They are cuben fiber patriots and make some of the best thru-hiking gear on the market.
They only make two shelter models, but their Echo II is a double-walled fortress. Most tents are shaped like a "V" (aerial point of view) and taper the foot area a lot. This leaves just a small amount of room for those sore and steamy feet to breathe. Not the Echo II. Its interior is like a big rectangular box with plenty of room for 2.
Our favorite thing about the Echo II is how easily separable the tarp and the mesh insert are. They can both function fully independent from one another which is a rare and much-appreciated feature. Depending on your backpacking trip conditions, this option of either the tarp or the insert, provides a lot of flexibility. Although a bit wonky, the beak is a well designed removable vestibule capable of storing a large amount of gear as well.
This sexy thing comes with a big price tag—the most expensive on the list. The stakes can be a bit tricky to get down right on the corners as well.2-person
Weight: 1 lb 13 oz
87.1 in (l) x 40.2 in max (w) x 36.6 in (h)
21.8 sq ft floor
Why It's Awesome:
NEMO has created an ultralight powerhouse. The Hornet Elite is the high-end sibling of the original Hornet... making it one of the lightest freestanding tents on the market.
The Hornet Elite comes with side doors, which is our favorite thing about this ultralight tent. Usually only seen in 2+ person shelters, a side door is much easier and more practical to get in and out of than a front door. Front doors often feel like you are crawling out on all fours through a tunnel before you can stand up. You can almost just roll out of the Hornet. The fly almost touches the ground in the Hornet as well. This means it has strong weather resistance to help block out any frigid breezes.
The vestibule is skinny, leaving you only enough room to stand your pack upright vertically and the side door could open up a bit wider. Not a huge complaint, but could use a little more gear storage and ventilation.
From the zippers to the stuff sack, all aspects of this lightweight backpacking tent just feel quality. Yes... we really love the stuff sack. Simply put, this tent is awesome and one of our favorites.
Weight: 1 lb 10 oz
84 in (h) x 42 in max (l) x 45 in max (h)
21 sq ft floor
Why It's Awesome:
Tarptent is known to make the best silnylon, non-freestanding tents. Instead of a complete shelter system, Tarptent helped pioneer the use of a tarp as a minimalist tent. Their brand name "tarptent" stuck as a category description and has spawned a whole wave of minimalist backpacking shelters.
The ProTrail (and MoTrail) is an ultralight bunker. Using a thick 30D silnylon, this shelter is extremely durable. Because it uses silnylon (instead of cuben fiber) and does not come with poles, this shelter is extremely affordable and packs down to nothing. For a non-freestanding tent, the ProTrail is as easy as it gets to set up. It requires very few stake-down points; not even one for the front guyline. With a ceiling height of 45 inches, it is also extremely spacious.
This single-walled, ultralight backpacking tent has good ventilation. The unique feature of the tent is the tensioned internal mesh screen that helps protect you and your gear from contact with the potentially wet wall.
Weight: 1 lb 5 oz
88 in (l) x 36 in max (w) x 46 in (h)
18.3 sq ft floor
Why It's Awesome:
Cheers to Gossamer Gear for making this minimalist beauty. The thing that makes this tent stand out is how truly well-rounded it is. It does an excellent job at NOT having any real flaws. Good weight, good internal space, good price, good ventilation, good vestibule storage... and two side doors. If you're a tall person who wants more headroom and better floor width, The One has got you covered at 88 inches long. It comes factory seam-taped and includes a bathtub floor. Aside from its ultralight quality, its setup is also quite easy and straightforward.
The only potential ding is the fact that it is a non-freestanding shelter and, therefore, is subject to all inherent cons of non-freestanding tents. Not a fair ding in our opinion though. Great overall shelter.
Weight: 2 lbs 14 oz
85 in (l) x 30 in max (w) x 38 in max (h)
18 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
The MSR Hubba Hubba NX is a bombproof shelter for three-season backpacking. It's not the lightest tent on our list, but it is among the most durable. It strikes a nice balance—it’s not too heavy and it’s not too delicate. You can easily shoulder the just-under-three-pounds weight and don’t have worry too much about where you pitch it. The chances of you tearing it are slim.
Its rugged design makes it suitable not only for summer but also for shoulder seasons where you could get some light snow. The mesh sides allow for airflow and protect you from bugs. We especially like the high fabric sides which block the wind and give you some privacy as well.
Our only complaint is the waterproofing on the tent. The tent is coated with the company’s Xtreme Shield waterproofing which effectively blocks the rain. It’s the seams that are the weak point. MSR uses precision-stitched seams which provide some waterproofing but not enough for heavy rains. We recommend seam sealing the tent body and fly before heading out on a long trip.
Weight: 15.5 oz
90 in (1) x 30 in (w) x 48 in (h)
21 sq ft floor
Why It's Awesome:
For anyone looking to get their pack weight down to an absolute minimum, the Zpacks Plexamid (or 2-person Duplex at 1 lb 5 oz) is for you. Take a look at that weight again... 15.5 oz. A water bottle weighs more than that! Simply put, this is as light as it gets, folks. Besides being the lightest tent on our list, it is a truly amazing shelter. It's durable, packs tiny, has high interior ceilings and big side-doors for easy access.
Zpacks is often compared to Hyperlite Mountain Gear. These two brands are the ultralight leaders of Dyneema (cuben fiber) non-freestanding tents. If the ZPack's Duplex weighs less AND costs less than the HMG Echo II... easy decision, right? Not so fast. While the Duplex still has a lot of ventilation, the roof is single-walled. The single wall also means that the tarp and tent insert are inseparable. Some people find the design a little awkward as well requiring a lot of stakes and guylines. It all comes down to your priorities - weight... or design and simplicity.
Weight: 1 lb 10 oz (w/o stakes)
90 in (l) x 48 in (w) x 48 in (h)
31 sq ft floor
Why It's Awesome:
Six Moon Designs (SMD) has been making ultralight gear for over 15 years and the founder is a 2-time thru-hiker (Appalachian Trail and Pacific Crest Trail). SMD is known for non-freestanding nylon shelters.
The Lunar Solo is a great ultralight tent for several reasons. First, it can be set up with a single trekking pole. Second, for $200, this tent is as affordable as it gets for a high-quality shelter. Third, you can sit inside completely upright with several inches to spare. How about that for a roomy 1-person shelter? Also, check out it's lighter brother model (Lunar Solo) to shave a few ounces.
For a single-walled shelter without any tent poles or any stakes, we would like for it to be lighter. If you want a roomy shelter for a good price, this is a great choice though. Winner of Backpacker Magazine's Editors' Choice Award for 2019.
Weight: 2 lbs 9 oz
84.5 in (l) x 36 in max (w) x 38 in max (h)
19.1 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
The Marmot Tungsten 2P is another quality built tent that emphasizes durability over pack weight. It's freestanding tent with two vertical interior walls. It's on the heavy side, but for $239, it's one of the best values you'll find in a backpacking tent.
The Tungsten UL is easy to pitch thanks to the color-coded clips and poles. This scheme takes the guess-work out of which way the tent body and fly attach to the tent poles. It seems like a little thing, but it is extremely helpful when you are trying to set up a tent in heavy rain, wind, or similar adverse conditions. Once it is set up, this tent will weather any storm. It has a bit more mesh than a four-season tent, but its solid structure still will handle the unexpected snowfall.
The two-person version comes with two side doors and two vestibules. Also available as a 3- and 4-person tent.
Weight: 2 lb 7 oz
85 in (l) x 51 in max (w) x 44 in max (h)
27.45 sq ft floor
$485 for 2-person
Why It's Awesome:
The Portal 2 is a high-quality and rather luxurious ultralight tent for 2 persons - 2 wide-open side doors, breathable double walls, and a completely freestanding design. Our favorite thing about it is the attention to detail. It really comes with all the bells and whistles... pockets all over the interior for convenient storage, spacious ceiling, easy minimalist hooks for the rainfly, etc. The zipper tags along the doors even have different colors for you to easily differentiate the interior zip (black) versus the exterior zip (red).
Other than being an overall great tent, the Portal 2 really stands out for its strength and stability. There are several additional features to help the Portal withstand the elements (heavy winds, snow, etc). The rainfly comes with extra attachments along the poles, there is an internal guyline for additional tension, and a Velcro "outrigger" mechanism that allows you to attach your trekking poles for even more support.
Overall, I'd say this is the best lightweight backpacking tent for enduring harsh environments and thus the best 4-season ultralight tent.2-person
Weight: 2 lb 6 oz
88 in (l) x 35 in max (w) x 38 in max (h)
18.9 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
The REI Co-op Quarter Dome SL is a roomy tent with space to sit up and stretch out, especially if you are using it as a one-person tent. It also accommodates two people and is not as snug as some of the other ultralight offerings.
The Quarter Dome SL stands up to the elements with no leaks even under the heaviest of rains. And when it rains, the ample vestibule space offers a safe spot for your extra gear. There are plenty of pockets inside for storage.
The REI Co-op Quarter Dome is mid-range in weight. It's not the heaviest tent on the list nor the lightest. It falls right in the middle in all categories, including price. It's a great overall tent—lightweight, freestanding, relatively inexpensive... especially if you have some extra REI member dividends to spend.
Weight: 11-18 oz.
110 in (l) x 58 in max (w) x 56 in max (h)
35-45 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
The Solomid and Duomid are two trekking pole tents from cottage-manufacturer Mountain Laurel Designs. The single-person Solomid has a triangular A-shape with over 35 square feet of living space inside the tent. The Duomid is meant for two people and has a pyramid shape with a roomy 45 square feet. In both tents, the sides slope so you can only sit up towards the center of the tent. Even though you are most comfortable sitting in these tents, the sitting and sleeping space feels luxurious.
Because they are single-walled and use trekking poles to pitch, the Solomid and Duomid are at the extreme end of ultralight weighing only 18 ounces and 14 ounces, respectively. There's no rainfly nor poles to add unnecessary ounces. You also can stuff them easily into your pack. The base model is made of silnylon, but you can switch to Dyneema for $175.
You do have to practice setting up the Solomid and Duomid before you head out into the woods. You need to get the correct pitch so the tent doesn't collapse in the middle of the night. You need to get the correct balance of tension on all sides of the tent. Pull too hard in one direction, and the tent will lean.
Even though it is a single-wall tent, condensation is not much of an issue when the weather is favorable. You can keep the door open and let the tent breathe through the mesh door. On rainy days, when you close the door, air does flow a bit under the edges of the tent, but it can get damp and warm inside if you are not careful.
Sea to Summit Alto TR1 and TR2
Weight: 2 lbs. 1 oz
Space Dimensions: 84.5 in (l) x 42 in (w) x 24 in (h)
19.5 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
Making serious waves in the ultralight tent market is Sea to Summit’s new semi-freestanding 3-
season semi-freestanding Alto series. The series features the option of a 1 or 2-person tent, the Alto TR1 and TR 2 (each available in a “plus”, 3+ season version).
The Sea to Summit team created the Alto following three years of research and testing to design a functional yet spacious tent. It features a specialized Tension Ridge pole system with an inverted design that improves ventilation throughout the tent and creates a roomier interior, surpassing the overall space-to-weight ratio of competitors. The Tension Ridge build also makes the tent adaptable to humidity and various climates thanks to its one-of-a-kind adjustable cross ventilation system that includes both a Baseline Vent and Apex Vent.
Another cool feature is the tent's pole sack that can function as a LightBar by attaching a headlamp to the clips, creating a lantern-like ray that will light up the tent’s interior. There’s also an easily adjustable rain fly that has a classic, half-opened, or fully opened mode that’s fit for the stargazers out there.
If you're looking for a freestanding 2- or 3-person tent, check out Sea to Summit's other brand new tent, the Telos.
Weight: 1 lb 15 oz.
102 in (l) x 42 in max (w) x 40 in max (h)
16.6 sq foot floor
Why It's Awesome:
The High Route 1 FL is a double-wall non-freestanding tent that requires two trekking poles to set up. The offset pole construction provides this tent with two vertical walls and ample interior space. It also makes the High Route more vulnerable to strong winds.
We love the versatility and ease of setup of this one-person shelter. Use it a complete shelter system or save even more weight by using the tarp on its own when conditions allow it. You can set up the High Route from the outside in, meaning the interior will remain dry and cozy even when you have to pitch it up under pouring rain. Although it's easy and fast to set up, its configuration is unconventional, which is why we recommend you use it in your backyard a few times before bringing it out on the trail.
The High Route 1 FL also comes with a gear closet that can easily be accessed through a small half-door located opposite of the main entrance. It allows you to conveniently reach your pack without ever having to leave the tent. The two-door design also offers the tent great ventilation and keeps condensation at bay.
Freestanding vs Non-Freestanding Tents
Freestanding tents: These are the more traditional design. Freestanding tents come with a framework of poles specifically designed for that model of tent. These help the tent stand 100% (or mostly) upright—or be "freestanding". They still use stakes and guylines for stability, but are not reliant on them to stand.
✔️ Setup Anywhere. Soft surfaces (ex: a loose, sandy beach) or on hard surfaces (ex: a rocky summit) where stakes are ineffective.
✔️ Very Stable. More metal means more stability against strong wind, heavy snow, etc.
✔️ Easy and Fast Setup. The metal frame is usually very fast and easy to setup. They do not require intricate webbings of guylines to adjust nor numerous stakes to tie down.
Slingfin Portal 2 - A personal favorite freestanding tent
Non-freestanding tents: (or "trekking pole tents") Growing in popularity are trekking pole tents that strive to be super-ultralight by ditching the poles in the tent. These assume you will be carrying trekking poles on your backpacking trip. Not a problem for most hikers, but worth considering. The trekking poles are used to support the tent body. They make a sturdy pole for a tent, but they don't bend like a regular tent pole. As a result, these trekking pole tents tend to be more rectangular instead of dome-shaped.
In addition to your trekking poles, tension provided from guylines and stakes are required for it to stand (instead of poles designed exclusively for the tent). Lots of guylines can lead to complicated setups - finding good ground to stake them down and constantly tweaking the lines for optimal tension.
You also need to have the right size poles. The best trekking poles are adjustable, allowing you to pitch the tent at its maximum height. When you take down the tent, you can then collapse the poles for walking.
✔️ Lightweight. Without tent poles, these puppies can almost get down to a scant pound.
✔️ Compact. Again, without tent poles, you will have more space in your pack.
✔️ Affordable. Non-freestanding tents usually cost less. After all, those poles cost money, honey.
Hyperlite Mountain Gear Echo II
Semi-Freestanding: Another common type of tent is a semi-freestanding tent. Kind of a half-breed of the two above. These tents use poles that hold up part of the tent, but need to be staked down to secure the entire tent. The Hornet 2P from Nemo (see reviews) is an excellent example of a semi-freestanding tent. One end of the tent is supported by two poles, while the other uses one pole and two stakeout points. Fewer poles translate into less weight as long as you don't mind having to find a soft surface or some rocks to stake out the footbed of the tent.
SeatoSummit's new 2-person Telos tent
SINGLE VS DOUBLE WALL: What are the advantages of single-walled vs double-walled backpacking tents?
There are two types of wall fabrics: 1) a tarp-like rainfly used as a barrier and 2) a mesh-like wall used as an enclosure to keep out bugs.
A single-walled shelter is usually only the tarp-like wall. Single-walled tents are light, fast and compact. Without that extra wall, these can get reeeally light.
A double-walled shelter is usually the combination of both the tarp-like wall AND the mesh-like wall. Double-walled tents are usually 100% dry because their extra wall shields that condensation build-up from dripping inside the interior... and on you... and on your precious gear.
1-PERSON VS 2-PERSON TENT: How much space do I need?
Look carefully at the square footage when choosing a tent and don’t rely on a tent's designation as a 1-person or 2-person tent. Most thru-hikers choose a one-person tent to save weight and money, but these tents can be almost too small. Some single long-distance hikers opt for a two-person tent because it gives them extra space to stretch out and store their gear inside the tent. Other hikers travel with a partner, so a 2-person tent is a must-have.
If you are hiking with a partner, you will need a 2 person tent. You can efficiently split up the weight of the shelter with each other. Also, you can always still go solo with a 2-person tent if need be. Bear in mind that many ultralight two-person tents have a slim cut that allows you to fit two standard sleeping pads and sleeping bags with room for little else. You might be able to squeeze your hiking shoes inside the tent, but your backpack will have to stay inside the vestibule.
Ultralight 1-person tents are ideal for long-distance backpacking where shaving every little ounce counts. Greenbelly Founder Chris Cage's tent from the Appalachian Trail was a 1-person tent and we would recommend the same for anyone thru-hiking. We have squeezed 2 people in it, but would not recommend that much congestion.
1-person (left) vs 2-person tent (right)
PACKAGED WEIGHT VS TRAIL WEIGHT: What's the difference?
You'll often hear people differentiate two weights when talking about tents—packed weight and trail weight.
Packed weight is the weight of the tent when you purchase it from the manufacturer. It includes stuff sacks, repair kits, tie-downs, and stakes.
Trail weight (sometimes called minimum weight) consists of the essential components like the tent body, rainfly, and the poles. Most people ditch the extra items like the stuff sacks, so trail weight is a better approximation of the weight you will end up carrying in your pack.
BATHTUB FLOOR: Does my tent have a bathtub floor?
As mentioned before, your tent will have two types of fabrics: a tarp-like fabric used to repel water and a mesh-like fabric used to block out bugs and enable ventilation. A bathtub floor means the tarp-like fabric lines the floor and at least a few inches above the ground before it meets the mesh walls. This mini tarp-like ‘bathtub’ can be helpful to prevent heavy rains from pouring in. Fortunately, bathtub floors have become standard in the best backpacking tents.
MSR Hubba Hubba NX2 with two side doors for easy entry and exit
MATERIAL: What is the difference between Nylon and Dyneema material?
Silnylon and Dyneema (formerly 'Cuben Fiber') are the most common types of materials used for backpacking tent fabrics. Both are great for their intended function—repelling the elements. There are some differences to note though.
- Dyneema (Cuben Fiber) is a high-tech fabric that looks (and feels) like it was meant for space exploration. It is great for its strength-to-weight ratio. It will weigh less and be a little stronger than its silnylon rival.
- Silnylon is much, MUCH more affordable. Generally, a rip-stop nylon tent will cost half as much as a Dyneema tent. To get into the ultralight category, manufacturers often use 10-denier (aka '10D') nylon in their tents. This material needs to be treated carefully so you don't rip them.
Silnylon (left) and Dyneema (right)
3-Season VS. 4-Season Tents
There are several differences between a 3-season and 4-season tent, so you want to make sure you purchase the tent that'll best suit your needs.
CONSTRUCTION/MATERIALS: 4-season tents are sturdier to withstand the elements
Winter tents tend to be made with more durable materials than their 3-season counterparts. Their poles are sturdier, their clips are beefier, and their fabrics are heavier. They are designed to withstand high winds and heavy snow. They tend to have more Velcro to attach the fly to the poles, more guy-out points to stake down the tent, and more clips holding the tent body to the poles. The fly also is longer, extending to the ground to prevent snow from blowing into the tent.
DESIGN: 4-season tent are less breathable and insulate better than 3-season tents.
Perhaps the biggest difference between a three-season tent and a four-season tent is the amount of mesh. Three-season tents are used in the warm weather and have ample mesh to encourage airflow. Four-season tents minimize mesh to protect from the elements. They either have less mesh overall or have fabric panels than can zipper to close off the mesh as needed. These panels are handy as you can unzip them in the warmer temps and zip them shut when you need to keep out the cold.
A vent helps to remove excess moisture build up (SMD Lunar Solo)
WEIGHT: 4-season tents are heavier than 3-season tents.
Because a four-season tent is beefier than a 3-season tent, they also are heavier. Most ultralight 3-season tents weigh under three pounds, while 4-season tents typically start at four pounds and climb up from there.
PRICE: 4-season tents cost more than 3-season tents.
Four-season tents tend to be more expensive than three-season tents because more detail goes into their construction. They use rugged materials, which also runs up the price. Most four-season tents will cost you between $500 and a $1,000,
USAGE: Consider owning one or two.
If you are backpacking in the spring, summer, or fall, stick with a three-season tent. You'll appreciate the lightweight and easy assembly of most ultralight tents. Four-season tents can be used in the warmer months, but they often are too heavy and too hot. Keep the four-season tents for the colder weather in the winter and the spring or fall shoulder seasons.
Easy tent pole attachment (Big Agnes Copper Spur HV UL)
Do I need a tent footprint?
Footprints protect the bottom of the tent from moisture and damage when you are sleeping on rough surfaces. They are helpful but not always necessary, depending on where you are backpacking. If you choose to go without one, you do have to be more careful where you pitch your tent. Avoid rough rocky areas or sharp twigs and roots. See more on tent footprints.
Can I use a tarp as a tent footprint?
Yes, you can use a tarp as a footprint, but a traditional tarp will be heavy to carry and bulky in your pack. Most people who use a footprint choose to carry Painter's Tarp of Tyvek instead. Tyvek is used in construction and easy to find. It's cheap, lightweight, and packable.
You also can purchase a manufacturer's footprint. These official footprints contain grommets that attach to the poles making it easier to pitch your tent. Some tents even allow you to leave your tent body at home and pitch your fly with the footprint. This combination is a lightweight option when bugs are not an issue.
Tent set up on a Tyvek painter's tarp
Should you put a tarp under or above a tent?
If you bring a tarp, you can use it under your tent to protect the bottom of the tent from a rough surface. You also can suspend it above the tent to protect it from the rain.
Where can I pitch a tent?
You can pitch a tent anywhere you have enough room to spread out the bottom and insert the poles without obstruction. You'll want to look first for hazards such as widow-makers (which are dead or fallen trees that are at risk of falling on your tent) as well as any heavily exposed areas (like a windy ridgeline). You'll also want as flat of a surface as possible. If you must sleep on an incline, put your head higher than your feet. Avoid roots and rocks for comfort. Lastly, pick an area that isn't wet and won't develop puddles if it were to rain. Ensure the ground is suitable for stakes as well.
📷 Some of the photos in this post were taken by Jonathan Davis (@meowhikes)